Early findings include mottling of the RPE and blunted foveal reflex. As the retinopathy progresses, a bull's-eye maculopathy develops, as seen in these photos. Hydroxychloroquine 200 mg cost Weaning off plaquenil Aug 29, 2014 The side effect that is of greatest concern is retinal toxicity. Retinal toxicity of Plaquenil may manifest itself with subtle disturbances of the retinal pigment epithelium which may eventually lead to complete destruction of the macula in the form of bull’s-eye maculopathy. Hydroxychloroquine, sold under the brand name Plaquenil Sanofi-Aventis, is an antimalarial drug that has gained widespread use in treating various autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. 1 By some estimates, more than 150,000 patients are on long-term therapy with this medication in America alone. 2 Retinal toxicity associated with HCQ use is relatively rare, estimated at 1 percent after five years and rising with continued therapy. 3 However. The usual starting dose of Plaquenil is 200 mg twice a day or 400 mg once a day, administered orally, in people weighing 80 kg or more. The usual dosage works for most people who take Plaquenil, but it is possible to increase or decrease the dose based on individual needs. It's important to watch for possible side effects and toxicity. This patient took hydroxychloroquine for rheumatoid arthritis and her vision dropped to 20/300 as a result of the retinal toxicity. In addition to the bull's-eye maculopathy, patients can demonstrate paracentral scotomas on visual field testing and parafoveal outer retinal atrophy on OCT. Plaquenil cataracts toxicity Protecting your eyesight when taking Plaquenil Lupus., Multimodal Imaging in Plaquenil Toxicity Plaquenil reviews for uctd Plaquenil Toxicity Plaquenil hydroxychloroquine is a medicine commonly used to treat patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. After prolonged use, it can sometimes damage the macula and cause central vision loss. Plaquenil Toxicity - Cataract Surgery Louisville KY Bennett.. Taking Plaquenil for Rheumatoid Arthritis. Hydroxychloroquine Retinopathy, Glucocorticosteroid Induced.. This occurs when melanin is able to bind to the “High Risk Medication” Plaquenil within the Retinal Pigment Epithelium RPE as well as direct toxicity to retinal ganglion cells. The drugs ability to bind to these pigmented cells creates a “Bulls Eye” around the macula, giving it this very unique appearance. Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil; HCQ has been an important and effective drug for the treatment of lupus erythematosus and related autoimmune and inflammatory diseases for half a century, although its potential to cause retinal damage continues to raise concern among rheumatologists and ophthalmologists. Plaquenil is a drug that is stored in high concentrations throughout the body and is very slowly eliminated from the body. It is attracted to the retinal pigmented epithelium in the back of the eye the retina. Although rare, Plaquenil can cause significant toxicity to the eye with prolonged use.